hello. A pharmacist who reads a dissertation.
Recently, as concerns about infection related to the coronavirus have grown , the point of excessive antibiotic prescription is receiving renewed attention. According to the OECD analysis data, the average use of antibiotics in Korea is 27.9 (DDD/1,000 persons/day), which is significantly higher than the OECD average of 20.5. Antibiotics have as many side effects as their excellent effects, so it is necessary to be wary of misuse and abuse.
Since antibiotics do not distinguish between beneficial and harmful harmful bacteria, antibiotics not only remove harmful bacteria that have entered the body, but also kill all beneficial bacteria necessary to maintain intestinal balance . This disrupted intestinal balance causes secondary consequences such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fever. This is a result of the fundamental properties of antibiotics.
It is commonly known that lactic acid bacteria are the main ingredients that alleviate the side effects of antibiotics . This is an effect derived from the process of beneficial bacteria improving the intestinal environment damaged by antibiotics. Just as there are different types of lactic acid bacteria, not all lactic acid bacteria have the same effect. For this reason, even in academia, efforts to identify bacteria that are specialized for the improvement of side effects of antibiotics have been steadily continuing.